The practice of using sticks in Chien Tung may be related to the game ofpick-up sticksplayed today. This theory is based on aJapanesevariation, calledMikado, which also has an emperor stick. A form of the game developed in the 16th century and may have been adapted from Chinese culture and religion.
In some traditions, the believer draws one lottery and looks for the corresponding poem to the lottery. The poems are written or printed on a piece of paper, usually 1215cm (4.75.9in) long and 4cm (1.6in) wide, with aJueju poemon each piece as the answer to the believer from the gods.
In the 1990s, importations of kau cim sticks were available again in the USA. This time, packaged in leather-covered tubes painted with ornate Chinese designs, but also with the old rhyming Chi Chi stick booklet so well known to some Americans. Meanwhile, vintage Chi Chi sticks of the 1915-1935 era (if all their parts and the booklet are intact) have become highly desired artifacts among those who collect fortune telling objects.
At places such as theThean Hou Templethe handheld bucket is replaced with a larger container. On the inside at the bottom of the container are protrusions (such as the heads of fixing bolts). To consult the oracle, the querent holds the sticks in a vertical bundle, raises them a little inside the bucket and drops them while holding them loosely. Any stick that stands proud of the rest (because it is resting on a protrusion, not having bounced off) is considered part of the divined answer.
Following a successful fortune, interpretation may be needed to comprehend the answer. Answers can be interpreted by a temple priest or volunteers or can be self-interpreted by the querent. In many cases, an offering is made prior to the asking of the question in order to carry good favor from the higher powers. These offerings typically consist ofincense, fresh fruits, cakes, or monetary donations.
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This page was last edited on 29 March 2018, at 22:23.
The prediction begins with the cup storing a number of the sticks. After the querent has finished their devotions to the main deity, the querent purifies the cylinder by revolving it around the incense burner three times and mixing the sticks by hand. The querent kneels in prayer, holding the cup between their palms and asking their question to the deity, either aloud or by whispering. This part needs to be done decisively as one should not shift questions or hesitate on the question in the middle of the rite. The shaking of the cylinder, which is usually tipped slightly downward, results in at least one stick leaving the cylinder and being dropped onto the floor. In most cases, if multiple sticks leave the cylinder, those fortunes do not count and must be shaken again. Each stick, with its designated number, represents one answer.
Because the accuracy of the prediction very much depends on the interpreter, some people run the result through a number of different interpreters to see whether similar results are drawn. The interpreted answer is usually a historical Chinese story re-told in modern sense. The story is basically the forthcoming event the querent is about to experience.
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The lottery and lottery poems in a Hong-Kong temple.
The stick result is analyzed by an interpreter, who has a book of Chinese poetic phrases and stories. The interpretation is generally short ranged, typically covering no more than one year, usingChinese New Yearas the starting point. The interpreter typically charges a small fee. Often, interpreters provide other services such as palm or face reading.
In 1915 kau cim sticks were introduced to the United States under the trade name Chi Chi Chinese Fortune Teller by the Pacific Dry Goods Company ofSan Francisco, California, where a large population of Chinese immigrants had settled. The Chi Chi sticks, 78 in number, were made in China of bamboo but they were marked with Arabic numerals instead of Chinese characters, and were packaged in a bright yellow and redchipboardtube with a black lid (like a modern mailing tube). They were accompanied by a rolled-up booklet of 78 rhyming interpretations that fit inside the tube with the sticks.
) is afortune tellingpractice that originated inChinain which the querent (person asking the question) requests answers from a sacred oracle lot. The practice is often performed in aTaoistorin front of an altar. Kau Cim is often referred to asby westerners. In the USA, a version has been sold since 1915 under the name. Kau Cim is also sometimes known as
Man fined 100 kowtows by god for peeking at women while throwing divination blocks
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(Chinese: , qian, cim, chim, chien): The flat sticks which are stored in the tube. Generally made of bamboo, they resemble wide, flatincense sticks, and are often painted red at one end. A single number, both inArabic numeralsand inChinese characters, is inscribed on each stick. Each stick has a different number on it, and no two are alike. There are usually a total of 100 sticks in the cup, although the Chi Chi Sticks variation sold in the USA for fortune telling has only 78 sticks.
100 written oracle outcomes (or 78, for the Chi Chi sticks variation). A German Werner Banck classify the content of 420 sets to 24 categories and 160 sub categories.
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When a single stick falls out, the number will correspond to one of the hundred written oracles with an answer on it. The writing on the piece of paper will provide an answer to the question. In most cases, to confirm the validity of the answer given by the deity, the querent will pick up and toss twojiaobei blocks. Each block is round on one side and flat on the other. A successful answer requires one flat and one round side to be facing up, a failed answer will result in two round sides facing up. Much emphasis is placed on denial when both sides flat are tossed; some legends say when this happens, the deities are laughing at the querent. The querent will have the option to ask for a fortune again until a successful answer can be made.
By the early 1920s, Chi Chi sticks were available all across America, from several importers and under a variety of trade names, including Chien Tung Fortune Teller. They were heavily marketed toAfrican Americanfortune tellers through mail-order catalogues. They fell out of popularity duringWorld War II, but only due to problems with supply, as China had been invaded byJapanand trade routes were disrupted.
The practice of kau cim interpreting dates back to the Jin Dynasty, according to theJade Box Records, an ancient Chinese book on date selection, written by the famous Daoist monk Xu Xun in the 3rd century AD.Despite theCultural Revolutionin mainland China during the 1960s and 1970s, lottery poetry still prevails today in temples ofTaiwanHong-KongMacauand mainland China. Most Taoism temples have lottery poetry to provide religious guidance for the believers.
(Chinese: Pinyin, qian tong, cim tong, chim tong, chien tung): A long cylindricalbamboocup or tube.
Hong Kong Lunar New year kau cim tradition
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InHong Kong, by and large the most popular place for this fortune telling practice is theWong Tai Sin Templewhich draws thousands to millions of people each year.